Monday, July 28, 2014

From the Korean War collections:


Airplanes from the 154th warming up for take off, unused trenches in the foreground, unidentified location, Korea, ca. 1951
6 x 4, black and white copy
Box 2, Item 30


Catholic Priest with three unidentified airmen, unidentified location, Korea, ca. 1951
 6 x 4, black and white copy
Box 2, Item 54


Two unidentified troops replacing an engine on an F-84 airplane, unidentified location, Korea, ca. 1951
3 1/2 x 4 3/4, black and white copy
Box 2, Item 31


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Saturday, July 26, 2014

This Day in History: Desegregation of the Military

After [World War II], President Harry Truman, Roosevelt's successor, faced a multitude of problems and allowed Congress to terminate the FEPC. However, in December 1946, Truman appointed a distinguished panel to serve as the President's Commission on Civil Rights, which recommended "more adequate means and procedures for the protection of the civil rights of the people of the United States." When the commission issued its report, "To Secure These Rights," in October 1947, among its proposals were anti-lynching and anti-poll tax laws, a permanent FEPC, and strengthening the civil rights division of the Department of Justice.

In February 1948 President Truman called on Congress to enact all of these recommendations. When Southern Senators immediately threatened a filibuster, Truman moved ahead on civil rights by using his executive powers. Among other things, Truman bolstered the civil rights division, appointed the first African American judge to the Federal bench, named several other African Americans to high-ranking administration positions, and most important, on July 26, 1948, he issued an executive order abolishing segregation in the armed forces and ordering full integration of all the services. Executive Order 9981 stated that "there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin." The order also established an advisory committee to examine the rules, practices, and procedures of the armed services and recommend ways to make desegregation a reality. There was considerable resistance to the executive order from the military, but by the end of the Korean conflict, almost all the military was integrated.

Read the rest of this story and see interactive images of Executive Order 9981 at ourdocuments.gov. While you are there, stick around and learn about some of the other 100 milestone documents of American history.

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Wednesday, July 23, 2014

In the Galleries

Arkansas Homemakers: Home Demonstration and Extension Clubs
Underground Gallery
July 11 - September 27, 2014

This exhibition celebrates 100 years of the Arkansas Extension Homemakers Clubs with photographs from the Arkansas History Commission and paintings by Katherine Strause. The exhibition is inspired by A Splendid Piece of Work, by Elizabeth Griffin Hill; excerpts of this book are presented as well.

State Youth Art Show 2014: An Exhibition by the Arkansas Art Educators
West Gallery
June 13 - August 30, 2014

This show features dynamic works of art by talented students across Arkansas, from kindergarten through twelfth grade. The works featured are the Best of Show winners from seven regions of the state. The Arkansas Art Educators is a group of art teachers from around the state who work with the Arkansas Department of Education to provide high quality in-service training and to promote student art.

Pictured here is artwork featured in the exhibition, a painting by Whitney McLeland, an eighth grade student in northwest Arkansas.


Drawn In: New Art from WWII Camps at Rohwer and Jerome
Concordia Gallery
April 11 - August 23, 2014

This show features artwork created by people held in the Japanese American internment camps in Arkansas during World War II. The exhibition was inspired by the Butler Center's remarkable collection of art work from the camp at Rohwer, donated by Rosalie Santine Gould of McGehee, and by the extraordinary generosity of people who lived in the camps or had loved ones who did and wanted the Butler Center to have more art created at the camps at Rohwer and Jerome. People with a personal connection to the camps were deeply moved by the existence of the collection and by the Butler Center's public exhibitions of camp materials and want as wide an audience as possible to know about this chapter of Arkansas and U.S. history.

Detachment: Work by Robert Reep
Loft Gallery
April 11 - July 24, 2014

Detachment is an exhibition of mixed media collage by Robert Reep, a Little Rock artist and owner of Chroma Gallery. Reep describes his artwork as "spirited and sophisticated artifacts that reflect [his] curiosity, emotion and enthusiasm for the inventory and activity of daily life."

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