Monday, August 18, 2014

Back To School

Many students across Arkansas are returning to school today. 
Good luck to all the students and teachers! 
Remember to contact the Butler Center when you need assistance with those research papers.


Public school photograph, Atkins, Ark., 1896
PHO.5.477

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Thursday, August 14, 2014

This Day in History: Social Security Act

On August 14, 1935, the Social Security Act established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped.

Before the 1930s, support for the elderly was a matter of local, state and family rather than a Federal concern (except for veterans’ pensions). However, the widespread suffering caused by the Great Depression brought support for numerous proposals for a national old-age insurance system. On January 17, 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent a message to Congress asking for "social security" legislation. The same day, Senator Robert Wagner of New York and Representative David Lewis of Maryland introduced bills reflecting the administration’s views. The resulting Senate and House bills encountered opposition from those who considered it a governmental invasion of the private sphere and from those who sought exemption from payroll taxes for employers who adopted government-approved pension plans. Eventually the bill passed both houses, and on August 15, 1935, President Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law.

Read the rest of this story and see interactive images of the Social Security Act at ourdocuments.gov. While you are there, stick around and learn about some of the other 100 milestone documents of American history.

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Friday, August 8, 2014

New entries on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas


Check out what's new on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas:

Carrollton Road
Dodson v. Arkansas Activities Association
Dover to Clarksville Road
Duggar Family
Matthews, Justin, Sr.
McIntosh, Robert "Say"
Orto, Zaphney
Spirit of the American Doughboy Monuments
Waldenburg (Poinsett County)

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